A Light That’s A Billion Times Brighter Than The Sun
“In the rolling Berkeley hills, under a dome that once housed its Nobel-Winning predecessor, lies the Advanced Light Source: an X-Ray generating system one billion times brighter than the sun…
The process starts in the center of the array, where electrons are jump-started from a standstill to near light speed in a linear accelerator.
They’re then transferred to a booster synchrotron for one second—in which time they’ll make 1.5 million revolutions and attain their target speed and energy levels, before moving on to the storage ring.
This ring has fewer atoms per unit volume than the vacuum of space, which minimizes potential collisions with the electron beam and allows it to circle uninterrupted for hours on end.
While it cycles in the storage ring, hundreds of electromagnets help maintain the focus of the beam and narrow it—creating a light source 100 times brighter than conventional X-Rays and a billion times brighter than the Sun.”